Plastic surgery is a medical specialty that involves the reconstruction and alteration of specific parts of the human body.
There are two main types of plastic surgery. They include:
- Reconstructive surgery
Reconstructive surgery comprises of procedures that are done in order to repair damaged tissues or improve functionality of a body part. These impairments can vary from birth defects, traumatic injuries, severe burns or diseases.
The most done procedures include:
- Cleft lip
It is one among common birth defects in the world. This surgery is performed to correct the abnormal development of the upper lip and give it a normal appearance.
- Breast reconstruction
For patients who had a mastectomy, breast reconstruction may be done to restore breasts to their normal sizes, shapes and appearances. This is done by using the patient’s own tissue from other body parts or by using breast implants.
- Hand and foot surgery
This surgery aims to repair the impaired hand to correct abnormalities that might have been there since birth or serious accident in order to restore its function, flexibility and strength. Foot surgery can be done on people affected by tumors, have webbed toes or need to remove the extra toe if they have one.
- Regenerative medicine
It includes regenerating and replacing human tissues or cells to restore the normal function of the affected body part. Some of the areas it can be applied include burn victims, nerve regeneration, fat grafting, hand and face transplantation, custom-made flaps and bone regeneration.
- Scar revision
While scars cannot be totally removed, this surgery is done to reduce the appearance of a scar and make it blend with the surrounding skin.
- Cosmetic surgery
Cosmetic surgery is an elective that is done on normal body parts with the purpose of changing one’s appearance. A person should think carefully before making a decision to do this surgery since most of the results are permanent. From the previous years, the number of cosmetic surgeries have increased. Below are some of the most common cosmetic surgery.
It is performed by removing the top layer of the skin and once the area heals, it is replaced by a new skin. It is usually used for acnes, age spots, sun-damaged skin and wrinkles.
It repairs wrinkled and sagging skin by lifting facial skin and removing excess skin. Procedures normally done with facelifts are forehead lifts, eye surgery and nose reshaping.
- Breast augmentation
It is done to increase the size and change the shape of the breasts. Breast implants or the patient’s fat removed from another body part are commonly used in this procedure.
- Hair transplantation
It is done to reduce baldness by removing hair from an area that has thick growth to a bald one. One may require one of more sessions to complete this procedure. Long term care is not required since the hair that has been moved is permanent.
Is refers to the procedure that reshapes the nose. It is done to reduce or increase the shape of the nose.
- Tummy tuck
This procedure is done to remove excess fats and skin to improve the shape of the abdomen. Tummy tuck is always permanent but one has to maintain proper diet to maintain the results of the procedure.
Just like other surgeries, plastic surgery has its own complications. They include nerve damage, infection, scarring, organ damage and hematoma Elite Body Sculpture liposuction .